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During this festival the cult statues of Amun, Mut and Khonsu would travel from Karnak to Luxor. The Luxor temple is one of the largest religious buildings in the Egyptian history constructed approximately 1400 BCE.Amenhotep III, pharaoh or king of the 18 th dynasty built this temple along with Tutankhamun and Ramses II.. Did You Know? The temple is dedicated to Amun, Mut, and Khonsu and was the focus of one of the most important religious festivals in ancient Egypt – the annual Opet Festival. It was built first as a large temple in the Middle Kingdom by Amunhotep III (1855 - 1808 BCE) on the place of an earlier shrine of Queen Hatshepsut.It is smaller than the Karnak Temple, but no less impressive.It is a graceful piece of … [5] Examples of the cult of the Royal Ka can be seen with the colossal seated figures of the deified Ramesses II before the Pylon and at the entrance to the Grand colonnade are clearly Ka-statues, cult statues of the king as embodiment of the royal Ka. The Purpose of Building Luxor Temple. It is also proposed by some that the temple of Luxor was in fact dedicated to the royal ka, which was symbolically joined to the living king during the Opet festival. Download this Premium Photo about Africa, egypt, luxor, karnak temple, and discover more than 7 Million Professional Stock Photos on Freepik The focus of the annual Opet Festival, in which a cult statue of Amun was paraded down the Nile from nearby Karnak Temple (ipet-sut) to stay there for a while with his consort Mut, was to promote the fertility of Amun-Re and the Pharaoh. That part of the Luxor Temple was converted to a church by the Romans in 395 AD, and then to a mosque in 640, more than 3400 years of continuous religious worship. In the Egyptian language it is known as ipet resyt, "the southern sanctuary". Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. [8] Hence, the Luxor Temple is the oldest building in the world at least partially active for other than archeological or tourist purposes. The temple of Luxor is situated on the east bank of the River Nile in the town of Luxor (Thebes). It is near the river bank. Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes). During the Roman era, the temple and its surroundings were a legionary fortress and the home of the Roman government in the area. [6], A small mudbrick shrine was built in the courtyard of Nectanebo I in early second century (126 CE) and was dedicated to Serapis and Isis; it was presented to Roman Emperor Hadrian on his birthday.[7]. There is also a 25 metre pink granite obelisk, also built by Ramesses, just inside the gateway. You may change your settings at any time. In 2013, a Chinese student posted a picture of engraved graffiti that read "Ding Jinhao was here" (Chinese: 丁锦昊到此一游) in Chinese on a sculpture. They are ascribed to Tutankhamun, but his name has been erased and replaced by that of Horemheb. It is lined with fourteen huge papyrus topped columns and the walls are decorated with scenes depicting the stages of the Opet Festival. Luxor has always been a very important religious center for the ancient Egyptians. Other parts of the temple were built by Tutankhamun and Ramesses II. One of the most impressive temples of the ancient Pharaohs was that of Karnak. During the Roman period a chapel inside the Luxor Temple originally dedicated to the goddess Mut was transformed into a Tetrarchy cult chapel and later into a church. The last section of the Temple of Luxor dedicated to the god Amun, Mut, and Khonsu that was built by Amenhotep III. The engraving has since been partially cleared.[9]. De tempel van Luxor ligt midden in de stad, slechts door de boulevard gescheiden van de Nijl. Luxor does not boast the same depth that Karnak does; Karnak is significantly older and was impacted by many pharaohs, whereas Luxor reflects just a few of Ancient Egypt’s leaders. Karnak is an ancient Egyptian temple precinct located on the east bank of the Nile River in Thebes (modern-day Luxor). That said, most people could probably walk through the whole temple in about 60 minutes or less, depending on your pace … The Temple of Luxor. 6 (1885): 370. The Temple of Luxor was the center of the most important one, the festival of Opet. As a result, the temple is not aligned to the river (as is more usual) but to the temple complex at Karnak. The ancient Egyptian capital was divided by a canal, to the south of which Luxor emerged, while to the north the town of Karnak spread. Or illusionism receive the beauty of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu that was built Amenhotep... Two primary cults ' temples on the east bank of the most impressive temples of the most temples! Twelfth dynasty on ( 1991 BC ) and reached its zenith during the period! The stations were set up for ceremonies such as to cool the of... 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